Diseases & Conditions
Easy-to-understand answers about diseases and conditions
Malaria, caused by a parasite transmitted through mosquito bites, leads to debilitating symptoms such as high fever and severe chills. Though less prevalent in temperate regions, it remains a significant health concern in tropical and subtropical regions. Annually, approximately 290 million people contract malaria, with over 400,000 fatalities attributed to the disease. Global health initiatives combat malaria through various strategies, including the distribution of preventive medications and bed nets treated with insecticides to deter mosquito exposure. The World Health Organization has endorsed a malaria vaccine for children in high-risk countries, aiding in the disease’s containment. When traveling, protective measures like wearing appropriate clothing, using bed nets, and applying insecticides offer safeguards. Preemptive medication is advisable before, during, and post-travel to high-risk zones. Notably, many malaria strains exhibit resistance to conventional treatment drugs, underscoring the ongoing challenge of managing the disease.