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Bartholin’s cyst

  • Overview


    The Bartholin’s glands are located on either side of the vaginal opening and produce a fluid that aids in lubricating the vagina. Unfortunately, these glands can become obstructed, leading to a painless swelling called a Bartholin’s cyst. However, if the cyst becomes infected, it can result in a collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue, known as an abscess.

    Bartholin’s cysts and abscesses are frequent occurrences, and the treatment depends on the size and level of pain or infection. Sometimes, home remedies may be enough, but surgical drainage of the cyst may be necessary in more severe cases. Antibiotics can also help treat any infection from Bartholin’s cyst.

  • Symptoms


    You should be made aware of a minor, uninfected Bartholin’s cyst. You can notice a bump or mass close to your vaginal opening if the cyst expands. Cysts are mostly harmless. However, they can occasionally be uncomfortable.

    A Bartholin’s cyst infection can fully develop in just a few days. Following a condition of the cyst, you could experience:
    A painful, sensitive bump close to the vaginal entrance.
    Discomfort, whether sitting or moving around.
    Pain during sexual activity.

    Typically, a Bartholin’s cyst or abscess only affects one side of the vaginal entrance.

  • When to see a doctor


    If a sore lump around the opening of your vagina doesn’t go away after two or three days of self-care, such as soaking the area in warm water (sitz bath), call your doctor. Make an appointment with your doctor right away if the pain is severe.

    Additionally, if you’re over 40 and discover a new lump close to your vaginal entrance, notify your doctor immediately. Even though they are uncommon, such lumps could be signs of a more severe issue, like cancer.

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  • Causes


    A fluid backup is thought by experts to be the root cause of Bartholin’s cyst. Fluid may build up when the gland (duct) opening is blocked, resulting in an infection or an injury.

    An abscess may develop from an infected Bartholin’s cyst. Escherichia coli (E. coli) and bacteria that cause sexually transmitted illnesses like gonorrhea and chlamydia are just a few of the bacteria that could be to blame for the infection.

  • Risk factors


    Bartholin’s cyst is a common condition among women that occurs when the Bartholin’s gland, located in the vaginal area, becomes blocked. It can cause discomfort and pain, and in severe cases, may require medical intervention. To prevent the occurrence of Bartholin’s cyst, women should maintain good hygiene practices by regularly cleaning the genital area with mild soap and water. Wearing loose-fitting clothing and avoiding tight clothing can also help prevent the development of the cyst. Maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding tobacco and alcohol can also help prevent the onset of the condition. If any discomfort or pain is experienced, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

  • Prevention


    Unfortunately, no known method exists to avoid a Bartholin’s cyst altogether. However, practising safer sex, such as using condoms and maintaining good hygiene habits, can potentially reduce the risk of cyst infection and the development of an abscess.

  • *Please note that the information provided in the article is for reference purposes only. It is essential to consult a doctor before applying any of the suggestions mentioned.

Content Details

Medical info from Mayo Clinic, for reference only. Visit Hoan My for better advice.

Last updated on: 07/08/2023