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Adult Still disease

  • Overview


    Adult Still disease is a form of inflammatory arthritis that is quite rare. The symptoms include fevers, joint pain, and rash. Some individuals experience a single episode that eventually fades away, while others may have a recurring attack.

    Adult Still disease can negatively affect your joints, especially the wrists. Medical treatment is necessary to alleviate the pain and control the disease. Prednisone is usually prescribed when pain relievers like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, and others) are insufficient.

  • Symptoms


    Most people with adult Still disease have a combination of the following symptoms:
    Fever. Fever may rise to at least 102 degrees Fahrenheit (38.9 degrees Celsius). The fever may spike once or twice daily for a week or longer.
    Rash. A rash might come and go with the fever. The rash usually appears on the trunk, arms or legs.
    Sore throat. This is one of the first symptoms of adult Still disease. The lymph nodes in the neck might be swollen and tender.
    Achy and swollen joints. Joints — especially in the knees and wrists— might be stiff, painful and inflamed. Ankles, elbows, hands and shoulders also might ache. The joint discomfort usually lasts at least two weeks.
    Muscle pain. Muscular pain usually comes and goes with the fever. The pain can be severe enough to disrupt daily activities.

    The symptoms of this disorder can vary between individuals and may resemble those of other conditions, such as lupus or lymphoma.

  • When to see a doctor


    See your healthcare provider if you have a high fever, rash and achy joints. Also, call your healthcare provider if you have adult Still disease and develop a cough, difficulty breathing, chest pain or other unusual symptoms.

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  • Causes


    The cause of adult Still disease is not known. Some researchers suspect a viral or bacterial infection might trigger it.

  • Risk factors


    The primary risk factor for adult Still disease is age. Individuals between 15-25 and 36-46 are more likely to develop this condition. Both males and females have an equal risk of contracting this disease.

  • Prevention



  • *Please note that the information provided in the article is for reference purposes only. It is essential to consult a doctor before applying any of the suggestions mentioned.

Content Details

Medical info from Mayo Clinic, for reference only. Visit Hoan My for better advice.

Last updated on: 07/08/2023